It’s one of the most frequently asked questions surrounding the bible – who wrote it? Well, for one thing, we can start with the fact that, as is well indexed on this audio site, the King James Bible is actually a series of books. And almost everyone agrees that these books were written by humans, over a span of many hundreds of years. Some books of the bible didn’t “make the official cut,” as it were, being deemed as illegitimate. So what makes the books that did make the approval process legitimate?
A claim made by many religious thinkers is that these books were written by humans inspired directly by their creator, making them – in effect – the word of God. And the simple answer to the approval question is whether or not the religious community had enough of a consensus to agree on one book’s legitimacy or not, and whether it was worthy of being included in the canon of scripture.
In many cases, the book’s authors were the titles of the books themselves, like Isaiah, who lived in 8th Century BC. This can make for some heated debate about the legitimacy of certain events, for instance, because that particular books makes no mention of the Exodus from Egypt, covenants with God, or punishments for disobeying laws of God. On the other hand, The Book of Exodus itself – originally claimed to be the work of Moses (along with the other 4 books that make up the Pentateuch) – was probably written two to three centuries later, and inserted into the canon.
Despite much debate throughout the centuries, the latest agreement among biblical scholars seems to be that much of the Old Testament can be ascribed to a movement of many authors called the Deuteronomists. In theory, they composed much of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings.
And as said by Saint Paul in Acts 14:15, We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein. In other words, he admits that is he is human, imperfect, capable of making mistakes as humans do. And so this in and of itself can explain apparent inconsistencies in the bible.
So perhaps our original question should simply boil down to a different one – do you believe that the bible was directly inspired by God through these authors down the ages, or not?